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ENGINEERING MATERIALS

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By RANGWALA

43rd Edition 2019 (Second Reprint) (Paperback)
ISBN : 9789385039171
472 + 24 = 496 Pages
Size : 17 cm × 23.5 cm × 2.3 cm
Weight : 0.650 kg

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Description

This well-known text-book provides an up-to-date account of the basic knowledge of all types of
Building Materials or Materials of Construction.
The subject matter is expressed in a simple language and practical manner. The treatment is
clear, methodical as well as interesting and easy to follow.
In the chapters of miscellaneous materials it now contains, detailed information about magnetic
materials, composites and nano materials. In the chapter of material science, the periodic table
along with a modern periodic table in colour is discussed in depth.
The entire subject matter is systematically canvassed in the chapters like: Properties of Engineering Materials, Stones, Clay Products and Refractories, Bricks, Lime, Cement, Mortar,
Cement Concrete, Timber, Ferrous Metals, Steel, Non-ferrous Metals and Alloys, Corrosion,
Glass, Paints, Varnishes and Distempers, Plastics, Miscellaneous Materials, Material Science
of Metals.
In Appendix-I, enhanced list of latest B.I.S. codes of important engineering materials is included. Appendix II showing abbreviated terms used in this book are given at the end of the book.
The book now contains:
* 141 self-explanatory and neatly drawn sketches
* 80 useful tables and more than
* 475 questions at the end of the chapters.
The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Engineering students preparing for the
Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by various
Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the AMIE, UPSC, GATE, IES
and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It is also useful for the preparation
of NATA (National Aptitude Test for Architecture), CEPT (Centre for Environmental Planning
and Technology), SBST (School of Building Science and Technology), SID (School of Interior
Design), AIEEE (Architecture), GTU (Gujarat Technological University) etc. It should also prove
of interest to the practising professionals.

Additional information

Weight 0.65 kg
Dimensions 17 × 2.3 × 23.5 cm
Author Name

Book Edition

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Content

1 : PROPERTIES OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS
2 : STONES
3 : CERAMIC MATERIALS
4 : BRICKS
5 : LIME
6 : CEMENT
7 : MORTAR
8 : CEMENT CONCRETE
9 : TIMBER
10 : FERROUS METALS
11 : STEEL
12 : NON-FERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS
13 : CORROSION
14 : GLASS
15 : PAINTS, VARNISHES AND DISTEMPERS
16 : PLASTICS
17 : MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS
18 : MATERIAL SCIENCE OF METALS
APPENDIX I : B.I.S. CODES FOR IMPORTANT
ENGINEERING MATERIALS
APPENDIX II : ABBREVIATED TERMS USED IN THIS
BOOK
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX

Details Content

Chapter 1 PROPERTIES OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS

1-1. General
1-2. Physical properties
1-3. Mechanical properties
1-4. Classification of materials based upon their uses
Question 1

Chapter 2 STONES

2-1. General
2-2. Classification of rocks
2-3. Sources of stones
2-4. Rock-forming minerals
2-5. Texture or structure of a rock
2-6. Fracture of a rock
2-7. Uses of stones
2-8. Natural bed of stones
2-9. Tests for stones
2-10. Qualities of a good building stone
2-11. Stone quarrying
2-12. Tools for blasting
2-13. Materials for blasting
2-14. Process of blasting
2-15. Precautions in blasting
2-16. Machines for quarrying
2-17. Dressing of stones
2-18. Deterioration of stones
2-19. Retardation of decay of stones
2-20. Preservation of stones
2-21. Artificial stones
2-22. Common building stones of India
Questions 2

Chapter 3 CERAMIC MATERIALS

3-1. Ceramics
3-2. Clay products
3-3. Tiles
3-3-1. Common tiles
3-3-2. Encaustic tiles
3-4. Terra-cotta
3-5. Earthenware
3-6. Stoneware
3-7. Porcelain
3-8. Glazing
3-9. Clay blocks
3-10. Refractories
3-11. Properties of ceramic materials
3-12. Importance of ceramics
Questions 3

Chapter 4 BRICKS

4-1. General
4-2. Comparison of brickwork and stonework
4-3. Composition of good brick earth
4-4. Harmful ingredients in brick earth
4-5. Classification of brick earth
4-6. Manufacture of bricks
4-7. Clamps
4-8. Kilns
4-9. Qualities of good bricks
4-10. Comparison between clamp-burning and kiln-burning
4-11. Factors affecting quality of bricks
4-12. Tests for bricks
4-13. Classification of bricks
4-14. Uses of bricks
4-15. Colours of bricks

4-16. Size and weight of bricks
4-17. Shape of bricks
4-18. Fire-clays
4-19. Fire-bricks
4-20. Substitutes for bricks
4-20-1.Concrete blocks
4-20-2.Fly-ash bricks
4-20-3.Sand-lime or calcium silicate bricks
Questions 4

Chapter 5 LIME

5-1. General
5-2. Some definitions
5-3. Classification of binding materials
5-4. Sources of lime
5-5. Constituents of limestones
5-6. Classification of limes
5-7. I.S. classifications of lime
5-8. Comparison between fat lime and hydraulic lime
5-9. Manufacture of fat lime
5-10. Manufacture of natural hydraulic lime
5-11. Manufacture of artificial hydraulic lime
5-12. Precautions to be taken in handling lime
5-13. Uses of lime
5-14. Tests for limestones
Questions 5

Chapter 6 CEMENT

6-1. General
6-2. Indian cement industry
6-3. Cement and lime
6-4. Characteristics of cement
6-5. Properties of cement
6-6. Composition of ordinary cement
6-7. Functions of cement ingredients
6-8. Harmful constituents of cement
6-9. Setting action of cement
6-10. Site for cement factory
6-11. Manufacture of ordinary cement
6-11-1.Mixing of raw materials
6-11-2.Burning
6-11-3.Grinding
6-12. Packing of cement
6-13. Ball mills and tube mills
6-14. Field tests for cement
6-15. Laboratory tests for cement
6-16. Storage of cement
6-17. Uses of cement
6-18. Varieties of cement
6-19. I.S. specifications of ordinary cement
Questions 6

Chapter 7 MORTAR

7-1. General
7-2. Sand
7-3. Natural sources of sand
7-4. Classification of sand
7-5. Bulking of sand
7-6. Properties of good sand
7-7. Function of sand in mortar
7-8. Tests for sand
7-9. Substitutes for sand
7-10. Classification of mortars
7-11. Properties of good mortar mix and mortar
7-12. Preparation of mortar

7-13. Uses of mortar
7-14. Precautions in using mortar
7-15. Selection of mortar
7-16. Tests for mortars
Questions 7

Chapter 8 CEMENT CONCRETE

8-1. General
8-2. Properties of cement concrete
8-3. Materials used in R.C.C. work
8-4. Sea water for making concrete
8-5. Proportioning concrete
8-6. Grading of aggregates
8-7. Requirements of a good aggregate
8-8. Tests for aggregates
8-9. Water-cement ratio
8-10. Workability
8-11. Slump test
8-12. Estimating yield of concrete
8-13. Importance of bulking of sand
8-14. Mixing the materials of concrete
8-15. Transporting and placing of concrete
8-16. Consolidation of concrete
8-16-1. Hand consolidation
8-16-2. Vibrators
8-17. Curing of concrete
8-18. Types of cement concrete
8-18-1. Water-proofing cement concrete
8-18-2. Coloured concrete
8-18-3. Light-weight concrete
8-18-4. No-fines concrete
8-18-5. Pre-cast concrete
8-18-6. Ready-mix concrete
8-18-7. Transit-mix concrete
8-19. Joints in concrete structures
8-20. Guniting
8-21. Formwork
8-22. Quality control of concrete
Questions 8

Chapter 9 TIMBERM

9-1. General
9-2. Trees for life
9-3. Classification of trees
9-4. Structure of a tree
9-4-1. Macrostructure
9-4-2. Microstructure
9-5. Processing of timber
9-5-1. Felling of trees
9-5-2. Seasoning of timber
9-5-3. Conversion of timber
9-5-4. Preservation of timber
9-6. Fire-resistance of timber
9-7. Defects in timber
9-8. Qualities of good timber
9-9. Factors affecting the strength of timber
9-10. Decay of timber
9-11. Storage of timber
9-12. Market forms of timber
9-13. Industrial timber
9-14. Advantages of timber construction
9-15. Uses of timber
9-16. Indian timber trees
9-17. Plantation of teak trees
Questions 9

Chapter 10 FERROUS METALS

10-1. General
10-2. Iron ores
10-3. Pig-iron
10-4. Manufacture of pig-iron
10-4-1. Essential parts and equipment of a blast furnace
10-4-2. Working of a blast furnace
10-4-3. Precautions to be taken for working of blast furnace
10-5. Properties of pig-iron
10-6. Types of pig-iron
10-7. Other methods of pig-iron manufacture
10-8. Some terms describing the nature and properties of metals
10-9. Cast-iron
10-9-1. Composition of cast-iron
10-9-2. Types of cast-iron
10-9-3. Properties of cast-iron
10-9-4. Uses of cast-iron
10-10. Castings
10-10-1.Types of castings
10-10-2.Characteristics of a good casting
10-10-3.Defects in casting
10-11. Wrought-iron
10-11-1.Manufacture of wrought-iron
10-11-2.Aston’s process
10-11-3.Properties of wrought-iron
10-11-4.Defects in wrought-iron
10-11-5.Use of wrought-iron
Questions 10

Chapter 11 STEEL

11-1. General
11-2. Manufacture of steel
11-3. Uses of steel
11-4. Factors affecting physical properties of steel
11-5. Magnetic properties of steel
11-6. Defects in steel
11-7. Properties of mild steel
11-8. Properties of hard steel
11-9. Mechanical treatment of steel
11-10. Heat treatment processes
11-11. Market forms of steel
Questions 11

Chapter 12 NON-FERROUS METALS AND ALLOYS

12-1. Non-ferrous metals
12-2. Aluminium
12-2-1. Manufacture of aluminium
12-2-2. Properties of aluminium
12-2-3. Evaluation of aluminium as building material
12-2-4. Economics of using aluminium
12-2-5. Forms of aluminium
12-2-6. Uses of aluminium
12-2-7. Conclusion
12-3. Cobalt
12-3-1. Manufacture of cobalt
12-3-2. Properties of cobalt
12-3-3. Uses of cobalt
12-4. Copper
12-4-1. Manufacture of Copper
12-4-2. Properties of Copper
12-4-3. Uses of Copper
12-5. Lead
12-5-1. Manufacture of Lead
12-5-2. Properties of Lead

12-5-3. Uses of Lead
12-6. Magnesium
12-6-1. Manufacture of Magnesium
12-6-2. Properties of Magnesium
12-6-3. Uses of Magnesium
12-7. Nickel
12-7-1. Manufacture of Nickel
12-7-2. Properties of Nickel
12-7-3. Uses of Nickel
12-8. Tin
12-8-1. Manufacture of Tin
12-8-2. Properties of Tin
12-8-3. Uses of Tin
12-9. Zinc
12-9-1. Manufacture of Zinc
12-9-2. Properties of Zinc
12-9-3. Uses of Zinc
12-10. Alloys
12-10-1.Aluminium alloys
12-10-2.Copper alloys
12-10-3.Magnesium alloys
12-10-4.Nickel alloys
12-10-5.Steel alloys
Questions 12

Chapter 13 CORROSION

13-1. General
13-2. Causes of corrosion
13-3. Factors influencing corrosion
13-4. Theories of corrosion
13-5. Forms of corrosion
13-6. Effect of corrosion
13-7. Corrosion of ferrous metals
13-8. Corrosion of non-ferrous metals
13-9. Standard electrode potential
13-10. Prevention of corrosion of steel in concrete
13-11. Preventive measures for corrosion
Questions 13

Chapter 14 GLASS

14-1. General
14-2. Classification of glass
14-3. Composition of glass
14-4. Properties of glass
14-5. Types of glass
14-6. Manufacture of glass
14-7. Treatment of glass
14-8. Coloured glass
14-9. Special varieties of glass
14-10. Glass industry in India
Questions 14

Chapter 15 PAINTS, VARNISHES AND DISTEMPERS

15-1. General
15-2. Painting
15-2-1. Characteristics of an ideal paint
15-2-2. Pigment volume concentration number (P.V.C.N.)
15-2-3. Ingredients of an oil borne paint
15-2-4. Types of paints
15-2-5. Notes for guidance in the process of painting
15-2-6. Painting on different surfaces
15-2-7. Failure of paint
15-2-8. Defects in painting
15-3. Varnishing
15-3-1. Characteristics of an ideal varnish

15-3-2. Ingredients of a varnish
15-3-3. Types of varnishes
15-3-4. Process of varnishing
15-4. Distempering
15-4-1. Properties of distempers
15-4-2. Ingredients of a distemper
15-4-3. Process of distempering
15-5. Wall paper
15-6. Whitewashing
15-7. Colourwashing
Questions 15

Chapter 16 PLASTICS

16-1. Brief history
16-2. Composition
16-3. Polymerization
16-4. Classification of plastics
16-5. Resins
16-5-1. Thermo-plastic resins
16-5-2. Thermo-setting resins
16-6. Moulding compounds
16-7. Fabrication
16-8. Properties of plastics
16-9. Uses of plastics
16-10. PVC pipes in buildings
16-11. Biodegradable plastic
16-12. Fibre glass reinforced plastic
16-12-1.Properties of FRP
16-12-2.Applications of FRP in building industry
16-13. Conclusion
Questions 16

Chapter 17 MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

17-1. General
17-2. Abrasives
17-3. Adhesives
17-4. Asbestos
17-4-1. Properties of asbestos
17-4-2. Uses of asbestos
17-4-3. Asbestos cement products
17-5. Asphalt
17-5-1. Classification of asphalt
17-5-2. Forms of asphalt
17-5-3. Properties of asphalt
17-5-4. Uses of asphalt
17-6. Belts
17-7. Bitumen
17-7-1. Forms of bitumen
17-7-2. Functions of bituminous materials
17-7-3. Tests for bituminous materials
17-8. Composite materials
17-9. Cork
17-9-1. Properties of cork
17-9-2. Uses of cork
17-10. Electrical insulators
17-11. Fly-ash
17-11-1.Use of Fly-ash
17-11-2.Use of Fly-ash for miscellaneous purposes
17-12. Fuels
17-12-1.Classification of fuels
17-12-2.Advantages of gaseous fuels
17-13. Gypsum
17-14. Gypsum plaster
17-15. Plaster boards

17-16. Pyrocell
17-17. Heat insulating materials
17-18. Lubricants
17-18-1.Types of lubricants
17-18-2.Varieties of liquid lubricants
17-18-3.Methods of applying lubricants
17-18-4.Lubricant industry in India
17-19. Magnetic materials
17-20. Nano materials
17-21. Rubber
17-21-1.Types of rubber
17-21-2.Vulcanization
17-21-3.Compounding of rubber
17-21-4.Properties of rubber
17-21-5.Uses of rubber
17-21-6.Forms of rubber
17-21-7.Reclaimed rubber
17-22. Sealants for joints
17-22-1.Polysulphide based sealants
17-22-2.Sealant Application equipment
17-22-3.Sealant Application accessories
17-22-4.Working criteria for sealants
17-23. Sheets for pitched roof coverings
17-24. Solder
17-25. Sound absorbent materials
17-26. Tar
17-27. Turpentine
Questions 17

Chapter 18 MATERIAL SCIENCE OF METALS

18-1. General
18-2. Structure of atom
18-3. Atomic number and atomic weight
18-4. Avogadro’s number
18-5. Orbit and Orbital
18-6. Quantum Numbers
18-7. Electron Configuration
18-8. Atomic theories and atomic models
18-9. Isotopes and isobars
18-10. Periodic table
18-10-1.Modern periodic law and modern periodic table

18-11-1.Primary bonds
18-11-2.Secondary bonds
18-11-3.Mixed bonds
18-12. Crystal structure
18-13. Space lattice and unit cell
18-14. Bravais lattices
18-15. Crystal structures for metallic elements
18-16. Co-ordination number
18-17. Atomic radius
18-18. Atomic packing factor
18-19. Miller indices
18-20. Linear and planar densities
18-21. Plastic deformation of a single crystal
18-22. Types of imperfections
18-23. Electrical conductivity
Questions

Appendix I B.I.S. CODES FOR IMPORTANT ENGINEERING
MATERIALS

Aggregates
Asphalt, tar and bitumen
Building stones
Bricks, tiles and other clay products
Cement and concrete
Glass
Hardware
Insulating materials
Paints and varnishes
Pipes, steel sections, etc.
Reinforcement and structural steel
Sheets, light metals and their alloys
Thinner and solvents
Water supply and sanitary appliances and fittings
Wire ropes and wire products
Wooden and metal doors-windows, timber and wood products
Varnishes and lacquers

Appendix II ABBREVIATED TERMS USED IN THIS BOOK
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX

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