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CONSTRUCTION OF STRUCTURES AND MANAGEMENT OF WORKS

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By RANGWALA

5th Edition 2018 (First Reprint) (Paperback)
ISBN : 9789380358949
280 + 16 = 296 Pages
Size : 17 cm × 24 cm × 1.3 cm
Weight : 0.360 kg

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Description

Modern construction activities involves complex processes which requires knowledge of both
construction and management. For this, engineers and technicians with managerial qualities
are highly essential. This text-book will be helpful to the reader to be conversant with the elementary principles about construction management and organization; economic activities associated with the construction industry as a whole.
The entire subject matter is systematically arranged in a lucid manner, easy-to-follow style
and in chapters like: Introduction; CPM and PERT; Construction of Dam; Construction of
Multi-Storeyed Buildings; Erection of Steel Structures; Tunnelling; Compressed Air; Construction Equipments; Construction Accidents; Management and Organization; Construction Labour;
Construction Materials; Economic Analysis; Miscellaneous Topics; etc.
Now, the topics of the subject are covered in 14 well-arranged chapters and therein, it contains:
* 104 Self-explanatory and neat diagrams
* 56 Solved problems
* 81 Useful tables
* 248 University-type questions at the end of each chapter.
It is hoped that the books will satisfy the needs of the civil Engineering students preparing for the
Degree examinations of almost all the Indian Universities, Diploma examinations conducted by
various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E, U.P.S.C.,
G.A.T.E., I.E.S and other similar competitive and professional Examinations. It should also be
of an immense help to the practising Civil Engineers.

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Weight 0.36 kg
Dimensions 17 × 1.3 × 24 cm
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Content

1 : INTRODUCTION
2 : CPM AND PERT
3 : CONSTRUCTION OF DAM
4 : CONSTRUCTION OF MULTI-STOREYED BUILDINGS
5 : ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES
6 : TUNNELLING
7 : COMPRESSED AIR
8 : CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTS
9 : CONSTRUCTION ACCIDENTS
10 : MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION
11 : CONSTRUCTION LABOUR
12 : CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
13 : ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
14 : MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX

Details Content


Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION

1-1. General
1-2. Need for construction management
(1) Co-ordination between different agencies
(2) Development of manpower and machinery
(3) Economy in construction
(4) Speed of construction
(5) Quality control of materials and workmanship
1-3. Scope of construction management
1-4. Aspect of construction management
1-5. Job layout
(1) General principles
(2) Factors governing the layout of a construction project
(3) Advantages of job layout
1-6. Engineer and construction economy
1-7. Contractor and construction economy
1-8. Construction cost
(1) Major factors, (2) Minor factors
1-9. Cost control records
(1) Material-cost record
(2) Material-cost statement
(3) Labour-cost record
(4) Labour-cost statement
(5) Time keeper field sheet
(6) Payroll record
1-10. Financing the project
1-11. Cost index or price index
(1) General
(2) Procedure of preparing the cost index or price index
(3) Uses of cost index
(4) Drawbacks of cost index
1-12. Construction operations
1-13. Stages in construction
(1) Pre-tender stage
(2) Post-tender stage
1-14. Planning the project
(1) Construction schedule
(2) Material schedule
(3) Equipment use schedule
(4) Labour schedule
1-15. Project Management Triangle
(1) General, (2) Time
(3) Cost, (4) Scope
1-16. Project management activities
1-17. Construction cost control
1-18. Project supervision
1-19. Project control
1-20. Project evaluation
1-21. Construction camp
(1) Environmental conditions
(2) Physiological limitations
QUESTIONS 1

Chapter 2 CPM AND PERT

2-1. General
2-2. Network analysis
2-3. Features of network planning
2-4. Rules for network diagram
2-5. Procedure for CPM
(1) Project breakdown
(2) Network diagram
(3) Utility data with respect to time and cost
(4) Determination of critical path
(5) Activity times and floats
(6) Scheduling
2-6. Advantages of CPM
2-7. Uses of CPM
2-8. Application of CPM in project management
2-9. CPM for determining extension of time
2-10. Difficulties in implementation of the CPM
(1) Lack of knowledge of the subject
(2) Literature on the subject
(3) Unwillingness of contractors
2-11. Project cost
(1) Indirect cost, (2) Direct cost

2-12. Cost-time optimization
2-13. Cost slope
2-14. Optimization by crashing
2-15. Updating an arrow diagram
2-16. Time–grid diagram method Utility of the Time-grid diagram
method
Advantages of the Time-grid diagram
2-17. Programme Evaluation and
Review Technique (PERT)
2-18. Terminology Used in PERT
(1) A PERT event
(2) A predecessor event
(3) A successor event
(4) A PERT activity
(5) Critical Path, (6) Critical Activity
(7) Lead time, (8) Lag time
(9) Slack, (10) Fast tracking
(11) Crashing critical path
(12) Total Float, (13) Free float
(14) Optimistic time or best time (T1
)
(15) Most likely time or probable time (T2
)
(16) Pessimistic time or worst time (T3
)
(17) Expected time (Te
)
Aspects of the probability curve
2-19. Percentage of probability
2-20. Implementing PERT
2-21. PERT network scheduling
2-22. Slacks of events
2-23. Negative slack and negative float
2-24. Selection of technique
2-25. Bar charts or Gantt charts
2-26. Mile-stone charts
2-27. Resources planning
2-28. Resource allocation
2-29. Resource levelling
QUESTIONS 2

Chapter 3 CONSTRUCTION OF DAM

3-1. General
3-2. Types of dams
3-3. Rigid dams or masonry dams
(1) Requirements of a good site for a rigid dam
(2) Foundations of a rigid dam
(3) Advantages of masonry dams as compared to earth dams
(4) Disadvantages of masonry dams as compared to earth dams
(5) Construction details
(6) Uplift and drainage galleries
(7) Causes of failure of masonry dams
(8) Preventive measures
(9) Types of masonry dams
(10) Comparison of different types of rigid dams
3-4. Non-rigid dams or earth dams
(1) Types of earth dams
(2) Theory of earthwork
(3) Foundation of an earth dam
(4) Section of an earth dam
(5) Drainage of earth dam
(6) Precautions during construction of drains
(7) Performance of drains
(8) Closure of dam
(9) Materials for earth dam construction
(10) Equipments for earth dam
(11) Method of construction of earth dam
(12) Density control of earth fill
(13) Post construction inspection
(14) Protection of upstream slope
(15) Stability of soils
(16) Causes of failure of an earth dam
(17) Advantages of non-rigid or earth dams
3-5. Miscellaneous dams
(1) Composite dams, (3) Hydraulic fill dams
(2) Compound dams, (4) Rock fill dams
(5) Steel dams, (6) Timber dams
QUESTIONS 3


Chapter 4 CONSTRUCTION OF MULTI-STOREYED
BUILDINGS

4-1. General
(1) Advantages, (2) Disadvantages
4-2. Trends in multi-storeyed buildings
4-3. Essential amenities
4-4. Framed structures
(1) General
(2) Advantages of framed structures
4-5. Placing concrete in cold weather
(1) Curing, (5) Water-cement ratio
(2) Formwork, (4) Temperature
(3) Protection
4-6. Placing concrete in hot weather
(1) Addition of chemicals
(2) Cooling of materials
(3) Deposition of concrete
(4) Protection after placing
(5) Watering formwork
4-7. Points to be observed while supervising R.C.C. work
(1) Cement
(2) Fine aggregate
(3) Coarse aggregate
(4) Water
(5) Proportion
(6) Reinforcement
(7) Centering
(8) Mixing
(9) Transporting and placing
(10) Consolidation
(11) Curing
(12) Finishing
4-8. Quality control of concrete
4-9. Repairs and maintenance of concrete structure
(1) Dry pack method
(2) Concrete replacement
(3) Mortar replacement by guniting
(4) Epoxy mortars
4-10. Preparation of concrete surface for repairs
4-11. Horizontal expansion and vertical expansion
4-12. Problems of tall buildings
(1) Earthquake effect
(2) Fire protection
(3) Lifts
(4) Living
(5) Noise control
(6) Services
(7) Wind effect
4-13. Precautions to be taken during the construction of multi-storeyed
buildings
(1) Road with heavy traffic
(2) Safety of adjoining properties
(3) Working in restricted space
QUESTIONS 4

Chapter 5 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES

5-1. General
5-2. Equipments required for erection of steel structures
5-3. Joints
(1) Riveted joints
(2) Bolted joints, (3) Welded joints
Types of resistance welding
Strength of welded joints
Defects of welded joints
Checking of welded joints
5-4. Cost of erection of steel structures
5-5. Erection procedures of steel structures
(1) Factory shed
(2) Multi-storeyed building
(3) Water tank towers
(4) Portal frames, (5) Bins and silos
(6) Steel girders for bridges
5-6. Safety rules during erection of steel structures
QUESTIONS 5

Chapter 6 TUNNELLING

6-1. Definition
6-2. Advantages of tunnelling
6-3. Economics of tunnelling
6-4. Selection of route
(1) Geological conditions
(2) Right of way
6-5. Tunnel surveying
6-6. Tunnelling through rock
(1) Full face method
(2) Heading and bench method
(3) Cantilever car dump method
(4) Drift system
(5) Pilot tunnel method
6-7. Tunnelling through soft ground
(1) Forepoling method
(2) Needle beam method
(3) Five-piece set method
(4) Liner plates method
(5) Other methods
6-8. Methods of tunnelling through sub-aqueous strata
(1) Shield tunnelling
(2) Plenum process or compressed air tunnelling
6-9. Drainage of tunnels
(1) Sumps and pumps
(2) Grouting, (3) Pilot tunnel
6-10. Ventilation of tunnels
6-11. Lighting
6-12. Shafts
(1) Drilling, (2) Raising
(3) Gloryholing
6-13. Mucking
(1) Manual labour, (2) Power shovels
(3) Mucking machines
(4) Tractor loaders
6-14. Hauling
6-15. Lining of tunnels
6-16. Size and shape of tunnels
QUESTIONS 6

Chapter 7 COMPRESSED AIR

7-1. General
7-2. Uses of compressed air
7-3. Some definitions
(1) Absolute pressure
(2) Gauge pressure
(3) Air compressor
(4) Compression ratio
(5) Compressor efficiency
(6) Volumetric efficiency
(7) Isothermal compression
(8) Adiabatic compression
(9) Absolute temperature
(10) Load factor
(11) Diversity factor, (12) Aftercooler
(13) Intercooler, (14) Inlet pressure
(15) Discharge pressure
(16) Theoretical H.P., (17) Brake H.P.
7-4. Gas laws
7-5. Size of pipes
7-6. Cost of compressed air
7-7. Compressed air plant
(1) Air pressure, (2) Capacity
(3) Flexibility, (4) Layout
(5) Number, (6) Receivers
(7) Type of installation
QUESTIONS 7

Chapter 8 CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTS

8-1. General
8-2. Classification of equipments
(1) Intermittent type
(2) Continuous flow type
(3) Mixed type
8-3. Selection of equipments

8-4. Standard equipments
(1) Initial investment
(2) Purchase period
(3) Reliability in operation
(4) Repairs
(5) Resale value
(6) Use
8-5. Special equipments
8-6. Owning and operating
Cost of equipment
(1) Depreciation
(2) Investment charges
(3) Maintenance and repairs
(4) Operation cost
8-7. Economic life of construction equipments
(1) Depreciation
(2) Downtime
(3) Inadequacy
(4) Normal deterioration
(5) Obsolescence
(6) Working method
8-8. Sources of equipments
(1) Direct purchase
(2) Hiring
8-9. Various types of construction equipments
8-10. Excavating equipments
(1) Tractor
(2) Bulldozer and angle-dozers
(3) Grader
(4) Scraper
(5) Excavators
(6) Dredgers
(7) Ripper or rooter or scarifier
(8) Trencher or ditcher
8-11. Earth compaction equipments
(1) Rollers
(2) Vibratory compactors
(3) Earth rammers
(4) Jetting and pounding
8-12. Hauling equipments
(1) Trucks
(2) Tractors
(3) Dump Trucks
(4) Dumpers
(5) Trailers
(6) Elevators and conveyors
8-13. Hoisting equipments
(1) Cranes
(2) Cableways
(3) Gantries
(4) Gin poles
(5) Hoists
(6) Pulley blocks
(7) Winches
8-14. Conveying equipments
(1) Belt conveyors
(2) Ropeways
8-15. Pumping equipments
(1) Air lift pumps
(2) Centrifugal pumps
(3) Displacement pumps
(4) Miscellaneous pumps
8-16. Concrete construction equipments
(1) Concrete buckets
(2) Concrete mixers
8-17. Drilling equipments
(1) Selection of drilling equipment
(2) Selection of drilling pattern
(3) Drilling rate
(4) Types of drills
(5) Drill bits
(6) Laser drilling
8-18. Road making equipments
QUESTIONS 8

Chapter 9 CONSTRUCTION ACCIDENTS

9-1. General
9-2. Causes of construction accidents
(1) Control of men, equipment and materials
(2) Failure of temporary structures
(3) Inherent engineering hazards
(4) Personal hazards
9-3. Classification of construction accidents
(1) According to the cause of occurrence
(2) According to the nature of injury sustained
(3) According to the severity of injury
9-4. Injury-frequency rate
9-5. Injury-severity rate
9-6. Injury-index
9-7. Equivalent time charge
9-8. Compensation insurance
9-9. Accident costs
(1) Tangible costs
(2) Intangible costs
9-10. Safety programme
9-11. Rules for preventing construction failures
QUESTIONS 9

Chapter 10 MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION

10-1. General
(1) Commerce, (2) Industry
(3) Private services
10-2. Functions of management
(1) Co-ordination of factors of production
(2) Innovation, (3) Marketing
(4) Method of production
(5) Organization, (6) Risk-taking
(7) Selection of business
(8) Supervision
10-3. Qualities of a good enterpreneur
10-4. Manager
10-5. Characteristics of a good manager
(1) Marketing skill
(2) Technical skill, (3) Human skill
10-6. Qualifications of an administrator
10-7. Conditions essential for carrying on business
(1) Free and competitive market
(2) Mobile labour force
(3) Reasonable stability
10-8. Meaning of organization
10-9. Forms of business organization
(1) Sole proprietorship
(2) Partnership business
(3) Joint stock company
(4) Co-operative society
(5) State enterprise
10-10. Principles of organization
(1) Control at all levels
(2) Co-ordination between different departments
(3) Delegation of authority
(4) Flexibility in job assignment
(5) Instructions to workers
(6) Planning of job
(7) Relationship between executive and workers
10-11. Systems of staff organization
(1) Line system
(2) Line and staff system
(3) Functional system
10-12. Organization of a construction company
10-13. Office management
10-14. Personnel management
(1) Functional activities
(2) Service functions
(3) Staff functions
(4) Welfare activities
10-15. Office discipline
(1) Control
(2) Co-ordination
(3) Self-restraint
10-16. Levels of management

(1) Top management
(2) Middle management
(3) Lower management
10-17. Functions of construction management
(1) Planning, (2) Organizing
(3) Staffing, (4) Directing
(5) Controlling
QUESTIONS 10

Chapter 11 CONSTRUCTION LABOUR

11-1. General
11-2. Immobility of labour
(1) Difficulty of acquiring knowledge
(2) Leaving accustomed surroundings
(3) Reluctance to enter certain occupations
11-3. Theories of wages
(1) Subsistence theory of wages
(2) Wages-fund theory of wages
(3) Bargaining theory of wages
11-4. Nominal wages and real wages
11-5. Psychic income
11-6. Systems of wage payments
(1) Time wage system
(2) Piece wage system
11-7. Incentive plans
(1) Halsey plan, (2) Rowan plan
(3) Taylor’s differential piece wage plan
(4) Merrick differential or multiple piece rate plan
(5) Emerson’s efficiency plan
(6) Gantt’s task and bonus plan
(7) Bedeaux point premium plan
(8) Hayne’s plan
(9) Priestman bonus system
(10) Barth variable sharing plan
(11) Group incentive plans
11-8. Payment by result
(1) Differential piece rate
(2) Group bonus system
(3) Piece rate with a guaranteed time wage
(4) Premium bonus plans
(5) Straight piece-rate
11-9. Profit-sharing
(1) Procedure
(2) Advantages
(3) Disadvantages
11-10. Morale
(1) Interviews, (2) Opinion survey
11-11. Trade unions
(1) Functions, (2) Advantages
(3) Disadvantages
(4) Trade union and wages
11-12. Labour welfare
11-13. Indian labour
(1) Absentism, (2) Factory conditions
(3) Housing, (4) Indebtness
(5) Migrating character
(6) Standard of living
(7) Wages, (8) Working hours
QUESTIONS 11

Chapter 12 CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

12-1. General
12-2. Types of materials
12-3. Storage of materials
(1) Cement, (2) Formwork
(3) Inflammable materials
(4) Plant and machinery
(5) Ready articles, (6) Steel
12-4. Stores
(1) Divisions
(2) Internal transport
(3) Layout
(4) Location
(5) Material chart
(6) Sectionalisation
(7) Storage of materials

(8) Storage of tools and forms
(9) Usual facilities
(10) Valuable articles
12-5. Purchasing department
(1) Co-operation with other departments
(2) Market trends, (3) Organization
(4) Procedure for purchasing
(5) Records
12-6. Store keeping
(1) Accounting, (2) Checking
(3) Golden rule, (4) Issuing materials
(5) Maxima and minima
(6) Surplus materials
(7) Tools and forms
12-7. Stock control
(1) ABC analysis, (2) VED analysis
12-8. Stages of material management
(1) Register of reputed suppliers
(2) Quantities of materials
(3) Preparing the supply schedule
(4) Attaching priorities
(5) Initiating purchase formalities
(6) Placing of orders, (7) Inspection
(8) Acceptance and issue
(9) Use of network schedule
12-9. Inventory control
12-10. Disposal of surplus materials
QUESTIONS 12

Chapter 13 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS

13-1. General
13-2. Tools of management control (1) Budgetary control (2) Cost control, (3) Modern methods
13-3. Economics of engineering structures
13-4. Financial analysis
(1) Annual cost method
(2) Benefit cost ratio method
(3) Present worth method
(4) Rate of return method
QUESTIONS 13

Chapter 14 MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS

14-1. General
14-2. Blasting
(1) Definition
(2) Materials for blasting
(3) Firing charges
(4) Vertical and slanted blastholes
(5) Precautions in blasting
14-3. Crushed-stone aggregate
(1) Crushers, (2) Screens
14-4. Foundation grouting
(1) Purposes of grouting
(2) Necessity of grouting
(3) Quantity of grout
(4) Materials for grouting
(5) Procedure for grouting
14-5. Inflation and deflation
(1) Inflation, (2) Deflation
14-6. Operation research
14-7. Rolling resistance
Coefficient of traction
14-8. Slip-form construction
14-9. Stone quarrying
(1) Definition, (2) Site for quarry
(3) Important considerations
(4) Methods of quarrying
14-10. Work study
(1) Method study
(2) Work measurement or time and motion studies
QUESTIONS 14

Bibliography
Index

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