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ELEMENTS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

400.00 360.00

By ANURAG KANDYA

3rd Edition 2017 (First Reprint) (Paperback)
ISBN : 9789385039072
704 + 20 = 724 Pages
Size : 17 cm × 23.5 cm × 3 cm
Weight : 0.900 kg

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Description

This is a single comprehensive book of its kind designed primarily to provide a clear-cut, contemporary and stimulating text in a convenient form for the first year engineering students. It
provides quite modern and up-to-date coverage of the science and art of Civil Engineering
which are changing rapidly. With the inclusion of the worked out examples, the book is almost
a ‘self-teaching’ text material.
The book has been divided into 5 sections namely Engineering Materials, Building Construction
(including Earthquake Resistant Structures), Surveying and Levelling, Transportation engineering and Environmental Engineering (including Global Environmental Problems).
It begins with an Introduction to Engineering and spreads in 45 chapters. It contains:
* 700 Self-explanatory and neatly drawn diagrams
* 145 Useful tables
* 425 Questions at the end of the chapters
A detailed list of various signs and symbols used in civil engineering drawings (as per Indian
standards) has been included in the Appendix. A very extensive glossary of the key words used
in civil engineering has been prepared which would greatly help the students in learning the
fundamentals of the subject. Search engine, provided at the end, will facilitate the students to
quickly find the topics of their interest.
Almost all topics and sub-topics consist of ‘memory maps’ – the first of their kind. These memory
maps consist of key words and will help the readers to crystallize the important points in their
minds, thereby helping them to structure their answers in the examinations.
The book almost covers the syllabi prescribed by the various Universities of India for the subjects ELEMENTS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING/BASIC CIVIL ENGINEERING and partially that of
MATERIAL SCIENCE and CIVIL ENGINEERING GRAPHICS. It would be of immense help to
the students preparing for Degree, Diploma or A.M.I.E. Examinations and various Boards of
Technical Education. It should also prove a great asset to the students preparing for U.P.S.C.
examinations. Questions from various university examination papers and competition examinations are discussed in the respective chapters. Neatly drawn sketches should definitely make
the understanding of the students crystal-clear.

Additional information

Weight 0.895 kg
Dimensions 17 × 3 × 23.5 cm
Author Name

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Content

1 : INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING
PART I : ELEMENTS OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS
2 : ENGINEERING MATERIALS
3 : ORGANIC MATERIALS 8 : TILES
4 : TIMBER 9 : REFRACTORIES
5 : CERAMICS 10 : CEMENT
6 : ROCKS AND STONES 11 : CONCRETE
7 : BRICKS 12 : GLASS
13 : PAINTS, VARNISHES AND DISTEMPERS
PART II : ELEMENTS OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
14 : BUILDINGS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATIONS
15 : FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF A BUILDING
16 : PRINCIPLES OF PLANNING OF A BUILDING
17 : BRICK MASONRY
18 : FLOORS AND FLOORINGS
19 : DOORS AND WINDOWS
20 : STAIRS
21 : ROOFS
22 : LOADS ON A STRUCTURE
23 : FOUNDATIONS
24 : EARTHQUAKE AND EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT
STRUCTURES
PART III : ELEMENTS OF SURVEYING AND LEVELLING
25 : BASICS OF SURVEYING
26 : TOOLS OF SURVEYING
27 : SCALES
28 : CHAINING AND RANGING
29 : LINEAR MEASUREMENTS
30 : COMPASS SURVEYING
31 : LEVELLING
32 : CONTOURING
33 : AREA AND VOLUME
34 : THEODOLITE
35 : RECENT ADVANCEMENTS IN SURVEYING
PART IV : ELEMENTS OF TRANSFORMATION
ENGINEERING
36 : TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
37 : DEVELOPMENT OF ROADS IN INDIA
38 : HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION
39 : TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
40 : RAILWAY ENGINEERING
41 : BRIDGES
42 : TUNNELS
PART V : ELEMENTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL
ENGINEERING
43 : BASICS OF ENVIRONMENT
44 : OUR RESOURCES
45 : GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
APPENDIX A TO APPENDIX C
INDEX

Details Content


Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING

1-1. Introduction
1-2. Engineering and its various branches
1-3. Modern engineering trends
1-4. Civil engineering and its branches
1-5. Civil engineering and basic human needs
1-6. Role of a civil engineer
1-7. Necessity and role of Indian Standards (I.S.) in civil engineering
Questions I


PART ONE : ELEMENTS OF ENGINEERING MATERIALS
Chapter 2 ENGINEERING MATERIALS

2-2. Classification of engineering materials
2-3. Properties of engineering materials
2-3-1. Mechanical properties
2-3-2. Thermal properties
2-3-3. Electrical properties
2-3-4. Magnetic properties
2-3-5. Chemical properties
2-3-6. Optical properties
2-3-7. Physical properties
2-3-8. Technological properties
Selection of materials
Questions II


Chapter 3 ORGANIC MATERIALS

3-1. Introduction
3-2. Monomers and polymers
3-3. Structure of polymers
3-4. Synthesis of polymers
3-5. Additives in polymers
3-6. Strengthening mechanism of polymers
3-7. Plastics
3-7-1. History of plastics
3-7-2. General properties of plastics
3-7-3. Types of plastics
3-7-4. Important types of plastics
3-7-5. Uses of plastics
3-7-6. Manufacturing plastic products
3-7-7. Plastics and the environment
3-8. Elastomers (rubber)
3-8-1. Types of rubber
3-8-2. Vulcanization of rubber
3-8-3. Modern manufacturing processes of natural rubber articles
3-8-4. Uses of rubber
Questions III


Chapter 4 TIMBER

4-1. Introduction
4-2. Timber as a constructional material
4-3. Classification of trees
4-4. Soft wood and hard wood
4-5. Properties of a good timber
4-6. Processing of timber
4-7. Market forms of timber
4-8. Industrial timber
4-9. Indian timber
Questions VI


Chapter 5 CERAMICS

5-1. Introduction
5-2. Ceramics and silicates
5-3. Silicate structures
5-4. Classification of ceramic material
5-5. Properties of ceramic materials
5-6. Applications of ceramics
Questions V


Chapter 6 ROCKS AND STONES

6-1. Introduction
6-2. Classification of rocks
6-2-1. Geological classification of rocks
6-2-2. Physical classification of rocks
6-2-3. Chemical classification of rocks
6-3. Requirements of a good building stone
6-4. Quarry and quarrying
Questions VI


Chapter 7 BRICKS

7-1. Introduction
7-2. Composition of brick earth
7-3. Harmful ingredients of brick earth
7-4. Manufacture of bricks
7-5. Properties of good bricks
7-6. Classification of bricks
7-7. Tests for bricks
Questions VII


Chapter 8 TILES

8-1. Introduction
8-2. Ingredients of tiles
8-3. Manufacturing process of tiles
8-4. Uses of tiles
8-5. Characteristics of a good tile
Questions VIII


Chapter 9 REFRACTORIES

9-1. Introduction
9-2. Desirable properties of refractories
9-3. Classification of refractories
9-4. Manufacture of refractories
9-5. Uses of refractories
9-6. High temperature refractory materials
Questions IX


Chapter 10 CEMENT

10-1. Introduction
10-2. Chemical composition of ordinary cement
10-3. Cement compounds
10-4. Manufacture of cement
10-5. Production of cement
10-6. Testing of cement
10-7. Types of cement
Questions X


Chapter 11 CONCRETE

11-1. Introduction
11-2. Ingredients of concrete
11-3. Reinforced cement concrete
11-4. Prestressed cement concrete
11-5. Requirements of a good concrete
11-6. Water-cement ratio
11-7. Workability
11-8. Curing
11-9. Grades of concrete
11-10. Concrete as a construction material
Questions XI


Chapter 12 GLASS

12-1. Introduction
12-2. Composition of glass
12-3. Classification of glass
12-4. Properties of glass
12-5. Manufacture of glass
12-6. Types of commercial glass
12-7. Special types of glasses
Questions XII


Chapter 13 PAINTS, VARNISHES AND DISTEMPERS

13-1. Introduction
13-2. Paints
13-3. Varnishes
13-4. Distempers
Questions XIII


PART TWO : ELEMENTS OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Chapter 14 BUILDINGS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATIONS

14-1. Introduction to buildings
14-2. Classification of buildings according to national building
code (NBC)
14-3. Urban buildings
14-4. Rural buildings
14-5. Load bearing structures
14-6. Framed structures
14-7. Composite structures
14-8. Comparison of load bearing structures and framed structures
Questions XIV


Chapter 15 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS OF A BUILDING

15-1. Introduction
15-2. Basic requirements of a building
15-3. Components of a building with their basic requirements
15-4. Requirements of various buildings
15-4-1. Requirements of a residential building
15-4-2. Requirements of a hostel
15-4-3. Requirements of a hotel
15-4-4. Requirements of a school
15-4-5. Requirement of a library
15-4-6. Requirements of a shopping centre
15-4-7. Requirements of an industrial building
15-4-8. Requirements of banks
Questions XV


Chapter 16 PRINCIPLES OF PLANNING OF A BUILDING

16-1. Introduction
16-2. Principles of planning
16-3. Practical considerations
16-4. Orientation criteria under Indian conditions
16-5. Optimum orientation of buildings
16-6. Vaastu Shilpa shaastra
16-6-1. Principles of site selection according to vaastu shaastra
16-6-2. Principles of planning according to vaastu shaastra
Questions XVI


Chapter 17 BRICK MASONRY

17-1. Introduction
17-2. Fundamentals of brick masonry
17-3. Necessity of a proper bond
17-4. Principles of a good bond in brick work
17-5. General principles for brick masonry
17-6. Bonds in brick work
17-6-1. Stretcher bond
17-6-2. Header bond
17-6-3. English bond
17-6-4. Flemish bond
17-6-5. Garden wall bond
17-6-6. Raking bond
17-6-7. Dutch bond
17-6-8. English cross bond
17-6-9. Facing bond
Questions XVII


Chapter 18 FLOORS AND FLOORINGS

18-1. Introduction
18-2. Fundamentals of flooring
18-3. Factors affecting the choice of flooring materials
18-4. Construction of ground floors
18-5. Construction of upper floors
Questions XVIII


Chapter 19 DOORS AND WINDOWS

19-1. Introduction
19-2. Location of doors and windows
19-3. Technical terms
19-4. Types of doors
19-5. Types of windows
Questions XIX


Chapter 20 STAIRS

20-1. Introduction
20-2. Technical terms used in stairs
20-3. Requirements of a good staircase
20-4. Types of stairs
Questions XX


Chapter 21 ROOFS

21-1. Introduction
21-2. Requirements of a good roof
21-3. Fundamentals of roofs
21-4. Classification of roofs
21-5. Roof coverings for pitched roofs
Questions XXI
Chapter 22 LOADS ON A STRUCTURE
22-1. Introduction
22-2. Types of loads
Questions XXII
Chapter 23 FOUNDATIONS
23-1. Introduction
23-2. Functions of foundation
23-3. Requirements of a good foundation
23-4. Types of foundations
23-5. Shallow foundations
23-6. Dimension detailing of shallow foundations
23-7. Deep foundations
23-8. Necessity of deep foundations / pile foundations
23-9. Different types of deep foundations
23-10. Machine foundation
23-11. Causes of failure of foundations
Questions XXIII


Chapter 24 EARTHQUAKE AND EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT
STRUCTURES

24-1. Introduction
24-2. Fundamentals of an earthquake
24-3. Classification of an earthquake
24-4. Causes of earthquakes
24-5. Effects of an earthquake
24-6. Predicting earthquakes
24-7. Earthquake statistics
24-8. Seismic map of India
24-9. Earthquake resistant structures
24-10. General design principles of earthquake resistant structures
24-11. Earthquake: Do’s and Don’ts
Questions XXIV


PART THREE : ELEMENTS OF SURVEYING AND LEVELLING
Chapter 25 BASICS OF SURVEYING

25-1. Introduction
25-2. Primary divisions of surveying
25-2-1. Plane surveying
25-2-2. Geodetic surveying
25-3. Classification of surveying
25-4. Principles of surveying
Questions XXV


Chapter 26 TOOLS OF SURVEYING

26-1. Introduction
26-2. Various instruments of surveying
Questions XXVI

Chapter 27 SCALES

27-1. Introduction
27-2. Different types of scales
Questions XXVII

Chapter 28 CHAINING AND RANGING

28-1. Introduction
28-2. Fundamentals of chain surveying
28-3. Selection of survey stations
28-4. Instruments required in a chain survey
28-5. Procedure for carrying out chain survey
28-6. Entering data in a field-book
28-7. Ranging
28-8. Different types of ranging
Questions XXVIII

Chapter 29 LINEAR MEASUREMENTS

29-1. Introduction
29-2. Methods of linear measurements
29-3. Chaining on a plain ground
29-4. Chaining on a slopping ground
29-5. Obstacles in linear measurement
29-6. Numericals: Related to obstacles in chaining and ranging
29-7. Errors in linear measurement
29-7-1. Sources of errors
29-7-2. Nature of errors
29-7-3. Various types of errors
29-7-4. Summary of corrections
29-7-5. Testing and adjusting the chain
29-8. Numericals: Related to errors in linear measurement
Questions XXIX

Chapter 30 COMPASS SURVEYING

30-1. Introduction
30-2. Fundamentals of compass surveying
30-3. Traverse
30-4. Meridians
30-5. Bearing
30-6. Methods of designating the bearings
30-7. Fore bearing and back bearing
30-8. Calculation of included angles from bearings
30-9. Magnetic compass
30-9-1. Temporary adjustments of a compass
30-10. Magnetic declination
30-10-1.Determination of true bearing from magnetic declination
30-10-2.Variation of the magnetic declination
30-11. Local attraction
30-12. Chain and compass survey
30-12-1.Plotting of a compass survey
30-12-2.Closing error

30-13. Steps to solve the closed traverse in compass surveying
30-14. Typical problems on compass surveying
30-15. Steps to solve an open traverse in compass surveying
30-16. Few important comparisons
Questions XXX

Chapter 31 LEVELLING

31-1. Introduction
31-2. Fundamentals of levelling
31-3. Instruments used for levelling
31-3-1. Level
31-3-2. Levelling staff
31-4. Benchmarks
31-5. Classification of levelling
31-5-1. Direct levelling
31-5-2. Indirect levelling
31-6. Temporary adjustments of a dumpy level
31-7. Calculation of reduced level
31-8. Typical problems
Questions XXXI

Chapter 32 CONTOURING

32-1. Introduction
32-2. Fundamentals of contouring
32-3. Factors affecting the Contour Interval
32-4. Methods of location of contour
32-4-1. Direct method
32-4-2. Indirect methods
32-5. Contour of natural features
32-6. Characteristics of contours
32-7. Uses of contour maps
Questions XXXII

Chapter 33 AREA AND VOLUME

33-1. Introduction
33-2. Methods of area computation
33-3. Planimeter
33-3-1. Parts of an amsler polar planimeter
33-3-2. Working of a planimeter
33-3-3. Zero circle
33-3-4. Computation of area of zero circle
33-3-5. Determination of multiplying constant M
33-4. Methods of volume computation
33-5. Estimation of reservoir capacity
33-6. Summary of the formulae
Questions XXXIII

Chapter 34 THEODOLITE

34-1. Introduction
34-2. Types of theodolite
34-3. Essential parts of a theodolite
34-4. Fundamentals of a theodolite
34-5. Temporary adjustments of theodolite
34-6. Angular measurements by a theodolite
Questions XXXIV

Chapter 35 RECENT ADVANCEMENTS IN SURVEYING

35-1. Introduction
35-2. Necessity of electronic distance meter
35-3. Electronic Distance Meter (E.D.M.)
35-4. Remote sensing
35-4-1. Working principle of remote sensing
35-4-2. Applications of remote sensing
Questions XXXV


PART FOUR : ELEMENTS OF TRANSPORTATION
ENGINEERING
Chapter 36 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING

36-1. Introduction
36-2. Role and importance of transporta-tion in national development
36-3. Comparison of different modes of transportation
36-4. Different modes of transportation
36-4-1. Airways
36-4-2. Waterways
36-4-3. Railways
36-4-4. Roadways/highways
Questions XXXVI

Chapter 37 DEVELOPMENT OF ROADS IN INDIA

37-1. Introduction
37-2. Major road development plans
37-3. Classification of roads
37-4. Minor classification of roads
Questions XXXVII

Chapter 38 HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION

38-1. Introduction
38-2. Highway materials
38-3. Highway pavements
38-4. Functions of pavement components
38-5. Cross-sectional elements of highway
38-6. Low cost roads
38-6-1. Different types of low cost roads
Questions XXXVIII

Chapter 39 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING

39-1. Introduction
39-2. Objectives of traffic engineering
39-3. Traffic surveys
39-4. Traffic control devices
Questions XXXIX

Chapter 40 RAILWAY ENGINEERING

40-1. Introduction
40-2. Comparison of railways and roadways
40-3. Classification of Indian railways
40-4. Classification of Indian railways based on Speed Criterion
40-5. Railway track/permanent way
40-6. Parts of a railway track/permanent way
Questions XL

Chapter 41 BRIDGES

41-1. Introduction
41-2. Components of a bridge
41-3. Types of bridges
41-4. Bridge planning and construction
Questions XLI

Chapter 42 TUNNELS

42-1. Introduction
42-2. Different types of tunnels
42-3. Modern tunnelling methods
42-4. Hazards of tunnel construction
42-5. Famous tunnels of the world
Questions XLII


PART FIVE : ELEMENTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Chapter 43 BASICS OF ENVIRONMENT

43-1. Introduction
43-2. Fundamentals of environment
43-3. Components of environment
43-4. Biodiversity
43-5. Ecosystem and its components
43-6. Ecosystem and its various types
43-7. Ecological pyramids
43-8. Biomagnification
43-9. The biosphere and its functioning
43-10. Role of various species in an ecosystem
43-11. Ecological balance
43.12. Role of forests in maintaining the ecological balance
Questions XLIII

Chapter 44 OUR RESOURCES

44-1. Introduction
44-2. Various types of resources
44-3. Energy sources
44-3-1. Conventional energy sources
44-3-2. Non-conventional energy sources
Questions XLIV

Chapter 45 GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS

45-1. Introduction
45-2. Pollution and pollutants
45-3. Various types of pollutions
45-3-1. Air pollution
45-3-2. Water pollution
45-3-3. Noise pollution
45-3-4. Land pollution
45-3-5. Thermal pollution
45-3-6. Population pollution
45-4. Human interference in the ecological balance
45-5. Global environmental problems
45-5-1. Ozone depletion
45-5-2. Green house effect
45-5-3. Acid rain
45-6. Individual’s role in curbing the environmental problems
Questions XLV

Appendix A To Appendix C
Appendix ASIGNS AND SYMBOLS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING
DRAWINGS

A-1 Signs and symbols for civil engineering drawings
(as per I.S.: 962-1967)
Table A-1 Symbols for various materials (in section)
Table A-2 Types of lines and their uses
Table A-3 Symbols for windows
Table A-4 Symbols for doors
Table A-5 Symbols for electrical installations
Table A-6 Symbols for sanitary installations
Table A-7 Symbols for fitments
Table A-8 Symbols for land surveying
Table A-9 Specimens of north direction

Appendix BGLOSSARY
Appendix CCONVERSION FACTORS IN MEASUREMENTS

Table C-1 Length
Table C-2 Area
Table C-3 Volume
Table C-4 Weight

Index

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