BRIDGE ENGINEERING

225.00

By RANGWALA

16th Edition 2019 (Second Reprint) (Paperback)
ISBN : 9789385039089
304 + 16 = 320 Pages
Size : 17 cm × 24 cm × 1.3 cm
Weight : 0.395 kg

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Description

This book aims at presenting the topics of Bridge Engineering written in a simple manner. The
subject-matter is characterized by comprehensive as well as methodical and easy-to-follow
style.
Out line of Sixteenth Revised and Enlarged edition of this popular and highly acclaimed book of
Bridge Engineering are as below:
Chapter 1 gives Introduction of the subject.
Chapters 2 and 3 of Bridge Foundations, expanded and divided in two separate chapters.
Foundation I: Spread and Pile Foundations and Foundation II: Caissons and Cofferdams.
Chapter 4 explains Sub-structures such as Abutments, Piers, Wing Walls etc.
Chapter 5 gives variety of Fixed-Span Super-structures – Various Types of Bridges such as
Simple, Cantilever, Arch, Bow-string Girder type, Rigid Frame, Suspension, Cable-stayed
bridges.
Chapter 6 consists Low cost Bridges: Movable-Span Super-structures.
Chapter 7 consists Low cost Bridges: Culverts and Causeways.
Chapter 8 consists Low cost Bridges: Timber or Temporary Bridges.
Chapter 9 discusses Flooring. It includes Factors, Requirements of Floorings, Types of Floorings
and various Flooring Materials etc.
Chapter 11 mention the Broad Outline of Loading on Bridges.
Chapter 12 This newly added chapter gives knowledge on Construction and Erection Methods
of Bridge Super-structure.
Chapter 13 is newly added chapter on Maintenance of the bridges.
Chapter 14 give various Miscellaneous Topics such as Afflux; Approaches of Bridge; Bridge
Architecture, Clearance and Freeboard, Combined Road and Railway Bridges; Double-decker
Bridge; Economic Span of Bridge, Grip Length, Handrails, Joints of Bridge; M.F.D. or H.F.L.;
River Training Works etc.
In Appendix, Marvellous Bridges of the world, which gives technical information, such as India’s
latest Bandra-Worli Sea Link, Mumbai, India; The Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, USA;
Tower Bridge, London, UK, Sundial Bridge, California, USA and Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon
Glass Bridge, Chaina.
The text-matter has been arranged systematically into Fourteen Chapters assisted by:
* 224 Self-explanatory and neatly drawn sketches;
* 12 Illustrative problems;
* 20 Important useful tables;
* 251 Typical questions at the end of the chapters.
The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Civil Engineering students preparing for
the Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by
various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E., U.P.S.C.,
G.A.T.E., I.E.S. and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It should also
prove of interest to the practising professionals.

Additional information

Weight 0.395 kg
Dimensions 17 × 1.3 × 24 cm
Author Name

Book Edition

ISBN

Content

1 : INTRODUCTION
2 : FOUNDATION — 1
SPREAD AND PILE FOUNDATION
3 : FOUNDATIONS — 2
CAISSONS AND COFFERDAMS
4 : SUB-STRUCTURES
5 : FIXED-SPAN SUPER-STRUCTURES
6 : LOW COST BRIDGES: MOVABLE-SPAN SUPERSTRUCTURES
7 : LOW COST BRIDGES: CULVERTS AND CAUSEWAYS
8 : LOW COST BRIDGES: TIMBER OR TEMPORARY
BRIDGES
9 : FLOORING
10 : LOADING ON BRIDGES
11 : BEARINGS
12 : CONSTRUCTION AND ERECTION METHODS OF
BRIDGE SUPER-STRUCTURE
13 : MAINTENANCE OF THE BRIDGES
14 : MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS
APPENDIX: SOME MARVELLOUS BRIDGES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
INDEX

Details Content


Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION

1-1. General
1-2. Development of bridges
(1) Arch bridges (3) Simply supported bridges
(2) Suspension bridges (4)Truss and girder bridges
1-3. Changing Scenario in Design and Construction of bridges
1-4. Components of a bridge
(1) Sub-structure (3) Adjoining structures
(2) Super-structure
1-5. Classification of bridges
1-6. Importance of bridges
1-7. Identification of bridges
1-8. Preliminary data to be collected
1-9. Selection of bridge site
(1) Connection with roads (8)Right-angle (square)
(2) Freeboard crossing
(3) Firm embankments or (9) Scouring and silting
river banks (10) Straight stretch of river
(4) Foundations (11) Velocity of flow
(5) Large tributaries (12)Width of river
(6) Materials and labour
(7) Minimum obstruction to waterway
1-10. Choice of bridge type
(1) Approaches (5) Foundations
(2) Availability of funds (6) Navigational requirements
(3) Climatic conditions (7) Specialized firm
(4) Economy in construction (8) Type of traffic
1-11. Requirements of an Ideal Bridge
1-12. Stages of investigation
(1) Reconnaissance or technical feasibility stage
(2) Preliminary or techno-economic feasibility stage
(3) Detailed survey and project report stage
1-13. Preliminary and final project drawings
(1) Catchment area map (4)Index map
(2) Contour plan (5)Longitudinal section
(3) Cross-sections (6) Soil profile
1-14. Bridge Alignment
(1) Alignment on curve (4)Layout of approaches
(2) Control of highest flood (5) River training works
level (6) Skew bridges
(3) Effects of silting and scouring
1-15. Traffic requirements of highway bridges
(1) Alignment (5) Parapets and handrails
(2) Central verge (6)Roadway width
(3) Footpath (7) Safety kerbs
(4) Lighting (8) Sight distance
1-16. Length of a bridge
1-17. Linear Waterway of a bridge
1-18. Maximum flood discharge
1-18-1.Direct method of calculating the maximum flood discharge
(1) Measurement of area
(2) Measurement of velocity of flow
1-18-2.Indirect method of calculating the maximum flood discharge
(1) Rational method
(2) Use of empirical formulae
1-19. Number of spans
(1) Alternative proposals (3) Odd number of spans
(2) Foundations for piers (4) Span
1-20. I.R.C. Guide line code
Questions 1

Chapter 2: FOUNDATION — 1 SPREAD AND PILE FOUNDATION

2-1. General
2-2. Essential requirements of a good foundation
(1) Location (2) Stability (3) Settlement
2-3. General principles of design of bridge foundations
(1) Bearing capacity of soil (3) Scour depth
(2) Frictional resistance
2-4. Subsoil exploration
(1) Test pits (2) Probing (3) Auger boring
(4) Wash boring (6) Deep boring
(5) Test piles (7) Geophysical method

2-5. Testing of soil samples
(1) Plate bearing test (3) Vane shear test
(2) Standard penetration test (SPT)
2-6. Types of foundations
2-7. Spread foundations
2-8. Pile foundations
2-9. Requirements for pile foundation
2-10. Types of piles
2-11. Load bearing piles
(1) Bearing piles (2) Friction piles
2-12. Materials used in construction of load bearing piles
2-13. Cast-iron piles
(1) Advantages of cast-iron piles
(2) Disadvantages of cast-iron piles
2-14. Cement concrete piles
2-14-1.Cast-in-situ concrete piles
(1) Cased cast-in-situ concrete piles
(2) Uncased cast-in-situ concrete piles
2-14-2.Pre-cast concrete piles
(1) General
(2) Casting of the pre-cast concrete piles
(3) Advantages and disadvantages of pre-cast concrete piles
(4) Underwater repairs of pre-cast concrete piles
2-15. Sand piles
2-16. Steel piles
(1) H-beam piles (2) Box piles (3) Tube piles
2-17. Timber piles
2-18. Wrought-iron piles
2-19. Non-load bearing piles
(1) Concrete sheet piles (3) Timber sheet piles
(2) Steel sheet piles
2-20. Choice of type of pile
2-21. Composite piles
2-22. Screw piles
2-23. Pulling of piles
(1) Use of double-acting (3) Use of tongs
steam hammers (4) Use of vibrators
(2) Use of pile extractors (5) Use of electricity
2-24. Loads on piles
2-25. Causes of failures of piles
Questions 2

Chapter 3: FOUNDATIONS — 2 CAISSONS AND COFFERDAMS

3-1. General
3-2. Uses of caissons
3-3. Cofferdam and caisson
3-4. Materials used for the construction of caissons
(1) Cast-iron(3) Steel
(2) Reinforced cement concrete (4) Timber
3-5. Classification of caissons
3-6. Box caissons
(1) Construction of a box caisson
(2) Conditions favourable for the construction of a box caisson
(3) Points to be noted in case of a box caisson
3-7. Wells
(1) Single wells (3) Cylinders
(2) Multiple wells or monoliths
3-8. Pneumatic caissons
3-9. Construction of a pneumatic caisson
3-10. Pneumatic caisson sickness
(1) Cause of caisson sickness
(2) Precautions to be taken to avoid caisson sickness
3-11. Drilled caissons
(1) Bell (2) Shaft (3) Cap
3-12. Methods of construction of drilled caisson
(1) Hand excavation method (2) Machine drilled caisson
3-13. Precautions during construction of drilled caisson
3-14. Loads on caisson
(1) Vertical loads (2) Lateral loads (3) Sinking loads
3-15. Floating of caissons
(1) Construction of dry dock (3) Turning of caissons
(2) Floating from bank (4) Use of compressed air

3-16. Cutting edges
(1) Cutting edges with sharp ends
(2) Cutting edges with blunt ends
3-17. Factors affecting the choice of a cutting edge
3-18. Skin friction
3-19. Sand blowing
3-20. Methods to facilitate the sinking of caissons
(1) Air and water jets (3) Loading
(2) Blasting (4) Sand island
3-21. Tilting of caissons
3-22. General
3-23. Uses of cofferdams
3-24. Types of cofferdams
(1) Dikes (5) Rock-filled crib cofferdams
(2) Single wall cofferdams
(3) Double wall cofferdams
(6) Concrete cofferdams
(4) Cellular cofferdams (7) Suspended cofferdams
3-25. Prevention of leakage in cofferdams
3-26. Puddle for cofferdam
3-27. Factors affecting design of a cofferdam
Questions 3

Chapter 4: SUB-STRUCTURES

4-1. General
4-2. Abutments
(1) Definition (5) Conditions of stability
(2) Functions (6) Dimensions
(3) Types (4) Forces acting on an abutment
4-3. Piers
(1) Definition (2) Function (3) Types
(4) Forces acting on a pier (5) Conditions of stability
(6) Dimensions (7) Location (8) Abutment pier
4-4. Wing walls
(1) Definition (2) Functions (3) Types
(4) Forces acting on a wing wall (5) Conditions of stability
(6) Dimensions (7) Precautions
4-5. Setting out for piers and abutments
(1) Bench marks
(2) Positions of reference points
(3) Principal reference lines
(4) Replacing original points
4-6. Materials for sub-structures
(1) Cement concrete (2) Masonry (3) Steel
4-7. Bridge Inspection
Questions 4

Chapter 5: FIXED-SPAN SUPER-STRUCTURES

5-1. General
5-2. Simple bridges or beam bridges
(1) Deck bridges (2) Through bridges (3) Semi-through bridges
5-3. Continuous bridges
(1) Facilities for erection (2) Hard soil
5-4. Cantilever bridges
5-5. Arch bridges
(1) General
(2) Classification of bridge arches
(3) Advantages of arch bridges
(4) Disadvantages of arch bridges
5-6. Bow-string girder type bridges
(1) R.C.C. bow-string girder bridge
(2) Steel bow-string girder bridge
5-7. Rigid frame bridges
(1) R.C.C. portal frame (2) Steel portal frame
5-8. Suspension bridges
(1) General (2) Classification of suspension bridges
(3) Types of suspension bridges
(4) Advantages and disadvantages of suspension bridges
5-9. Cable-stayed bridges
5-10. Role of cable sheath in cable stayed bridge
5-11. Materials for super-structures
(1) Cement concrete (2) Masonry (3) Steel (4) Timber
5-12. Composite bridges
Questions 5
BRIDGE ENGINEERING
DETAILED CONTENTS

Chapter 6: LOW COST BRIDGES: MOVABLE-SPAN SUPERSTRUCTURES

6-1. Low cost bridges
6-2. Movable-span super-structures
6-3. Bascule bridges
6-4. Cut-boat bridges
6-5. Flying bridges
6-6. Lift bridges
(1) Number of towers (2) Construction
(3) Overhead trusses (4) Span (5) Wind pressure
6-7. Swing bridges
(1) Flooring (2) Locking arrangements (3) Position of pier
6-8. Transporter bridges
6-9. Traversing bridges
Questions 6

Chapter 7: LOW COST BRIDGES: CULVERTS AND
CAUSEWAYS

7-1. Definition
7-2. Waterway of a culvert
(1) For catchment area upto 40 hectares
(2) For catchment area from 40 to 280 hectares
7-3. Types of culverts
(1) Arch culverts (2) Box culverts (3) Pipe culverts
(4) Slab culverts (5) Scuppers
7-4. Causeways
(1) Definition (4) Conditions to be satisfied
(2) Types (5) Data to be collected
(3) Necessity (6) Design of H.L.C.
Questions 7

Chapter 8: LOW COST BRIDGES: TIMBER OR TEMPORARY
BRIDGES

8-1. Definition
8-2. Materials used
8-3. Fastenings used
8-4. Types of timber or temporary bridges
8-5. Bridges with intermediate supports
(1) Crates (2) Cribs (3) Pile bents (4) Trestles
8-6. Bridges without intermediate supports
(1) Cantilevers (2) Suspension bridges (3) Trusses
8-7. Floating bridges
(1) Boat bridges (2) Pontoon bridges (3) Raft bridges
Questions 8

Chapter 9: FLOORING

9-1. General
9-2. Factors affecting the choice of Flooring material
9-3. Requirements of a good flooring material
9-4. Types of floors
(1) Open floors (2) Solid floors
9-5. Flooring materials
(1) Jack arch (4) Mild steel troughs
(2) Mild steel buckle (5) Reinforced cement
plates concrete
(3) Mild steel plates (6) Timber
9-6. Drainage of floors
Questions 9

Chapter 10:LOADING ON BRIDGES

10-1. General
10-2. Buoyancy pressure
10-3. Centrifugal forces
(1) Road bridges (2) Railway bridges
10-4. Dead load
(1) Unwin’s formula
(2) American formula for plate girders
(3) American formula for trusses
(4) R.C.C. arches
(5) R.C.C. slab bridges upto m span
(6) R.C.C. slab and T beam bridges
10-5. Deformation stresses
10-6. Earth pressure
10-7. Erection stresses

10-8. Impact load
(1) For road bridges (2) For railway bridges
10-9. Live load
(1) For road bridges (2) For railway bridges
10-10. Longitudinal forces
(1) For road bridges (2) For railway bridges
10-11. Secondary stresses
10-12. Seismic load
10-13. Temperature variation forces
(1) Concrete structures (3) Temperature variation
(2) Metal structures
10-14. Water pressure
10-15. Wind load
(1) For road bridges (2) For railway bridges
10-16. Design of bridge foundations
10-17. Forces acting on different components of a bridge
(1) Forces acting on foundation
(2) Forces acting on abutments
(3) Forces acting on piers
(4) Forces acting on wing walls
(5) Forces acting on super-structures
Questions 10

Chapter 11:BEARINGS

11-1. Definition
11-2. Purposes of bearings
11-3. Importance of bearings
11-4. Free and fixed bearings
11-5. Types of bearings
(1) Cement mortar pad (9) Sole plate on curved bed
(2) Expansion bearing plate bearing
(3) Knuckle bearing (10)Tar paper bearing
(4) Rocker and roller bearing (11) Pin bearing
(5) Rocker bearing (12) Pot bearing
(6) Rubber bearing (13)Laminated elastomeric
(7) Neoprene bearing pads bearing
(8) Sliding bearing
11-6. Materials for bearings
11-7. Bed blocks
11-8. Maintenance of bearings
Questions 11

Chapter 12:CONSTRUCTION AND ERECTION METHODS OF
BRIDGE SUPER-STRUCTURE

12-1. General
(1) Centering (2) Field forces (3) Machinery
(4) Measurement of span (5) Selection of method
12-2. Erection of steel girders
(1) Building out from supports (2) Floating
(3) Lifting (4) Rolling (5) Staging
12-3. Erection of steel truss bridges
(1) First stage (2) Second stage (3) Third stage (4)
Fourth stage
12-4. Erection of suspension bridges
(1) Erection of towers (4) Erection of stiffening trusses
(2) Erection of suspenders (5) Erection of flooring system
(3) Erection of catwalks
12-5. Construction of pre-stressed concrete super-structure
12-6. Erection of R.C.C. and pre-stressed girder bridges
(1) Cast-in-situ construction on staging
(2) Segmental cantilever construction using cast-in-situ or
precast segments
(3) Span by span method
(4) Incremental launching method
(5) Movable form system or movable scaffold system
12-7. Formwork for arch bridges
(1) Good features (2) Types
Questions 12

Chapter 13:MAINTENANCE OF THE BRIDGES

13-1. General
13-2. Deterioration of bridges
13-3. Bridge Failures
13-4. Defects of bridges and their rectification
(1) Cracks in concrete (2) Corrosion of structural
(3) Other defects of bridge steel work
13-5. Inspection of bridges
(1) Detailed inspection (2) Routine inspection
13-6. Posting of bridges
(1) Load limit postings (2) Speed postings
13-7. Rating of existing bridges
(1) Magnetic particle detector
(2) Radiographic equipment
(3) Ultrasonic testing equipment
13-8. Rebuilding of bridges
(1) Damage
(2) Excessive maintenance cost
(3) Obsolescence
(4) Weathering
13-9. Testing and strengthening of bridges
(1) Correlation method (3) Theoretical method
(2) Load testing
13-10. Maintenance of the bridges
Questions 13

Chapter 14:MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS

14-1. General
14-2. Afflux
(1) Definition (2) Importance (3) Height of afflux
14-3. Approaches of bridge
(1) Borrow pits (2) Construction (3) Cost
(4) Curvature (5) Extension of bridge (6) Gradient
(7) Joint walls (8) Maintenance (9) Width and length
14-4. Bridge architecture
(1) Construction (5) Lines and edges
(2) General design (6) Proportioning
(3) Landscaping (7) Railings
(4) Light and shade (8) Simplicity
14-5. Clearance and freeboard
(1) Definition (2) Necessity (3) Provisions
14-6. Combined road and railway bridges
(1) Airlock equipment (5) Lighting on road
(2) Alignment (6) Section
(3) Foundations (7) Super-structure
(4) High tensile steel (8) Total length
14-7. Double-decker bridge
14-8. Economic span of the bridge
(1) Definition (2) Assumptions (3) Exceptions
14-9. Grip Length
14-10. Handrails
(1) Panel slab and post system (2) Post and rail system
14-11. Joints of bridge
(1) Construction joints (2) Expansion and contraction joints
14-12. Maximum flood discharge or High flood level (H.F.L.)
14-13. River Training works
(1) Objects (2) Methods
Questions 14


Appendix : SOME MARVELLOUS BRIDGES

A-1. Bandra Worli Sea Link (Rajiv Gandhi Setu) – Mumbai, India
A-1-1. Planning
A-1-2. The amazing facts behind Bandra-Worli Sea Link
A-1-3. Benefits of the project
A-1-4. Criticism of the project
A-2. Golden Gate Bridge – San francisco, U.S.A.
A-2-1. The amazing facts behind Golden Gate Bridge
A-3. Tower Bridge – London, U.K.
A-4. Sundial bridge – California, U.S.A.
A-5. Zhangjiajie grand canyon glass bridge – China

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Index

This book aims at presenting the topics of Bridge Engineering written in a simple manner. The
subject-matter is characterized by comprehensive as well as methodical and easy-to-follow
style.
Out line of Sixteenth Revised and Enlarged edition of this popular and highly acclaimed book of
Bridge Engineering are as below:
Chapter 1 gives Introduction of the subject.
Chapters 2 and 3 of Bridge Foundations, expanded and divided in two separate chapters.
Foundation I: Spread and Pile Foundations and Foundation II: Caissons and Cofferdams.
Chapter 4 explains Sub-structures such as Abutments, Piers, Wing Walls etc.
Chapter 5 gives variety of Fixed-Span Super-structures – Various Types of Bridges such as
Simple, Cantilever, Arch, Bow-string Girder type, Rigid Frame, Suspension, Cable-stayed
bridges.
Chapter 6 consists Low cost Bridges: Movable-Span Super-structures.
Chapter 7 consists Low cost Bridges: Culverts and Causeways.
Chapter 8 consists Low cost Bridges: Timber or Temporary Bridges.
Chapter 9 discusses Flooring. It includes Factors, Requirements of Floorings, Types of Floorings
and various Flooring Materials etc.
Chapter 11 mention the Broad Outline of Loading on Bridges.
Chapter 12 This newly added chapter gives knowledge on Construction and Erection Methods
of Bridge Super-structure.
Chapter 13 is newly added chapter on Maintenance of the bridges.
Chapter 14 give various Miscellaneous Topics such as Afflux; Approaches of Bridge; Bridge
Architecture, Clearance and Freeboard, Combined Road and Railway Bridges; Double-decker
Bridge; Economic Span of Bridge, Grip Length, Handrails, Joints of Bridge; M.F.D. or H.F.L.;
River Training Works etc.
In Appendix, Marvellous Bridges of the world, which gives technical information, such as India’s
latest Bandra-Worli Sea Link, Mumbai, India; The Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, USA;
Tower Bridge, London, UK, Sundial Bridge, California, USA and Zhangjiajie Grand Canyon
Glass Bridge, Chaina.
The text-matter has been arranged systematically into Fourteen Chapters assisted by:
* 224 Self-explanatory and neatly drawn sketches;
* 12 Illustrative problems;
* 20 Important useful tables;
* 251 Typical questions at the end of the chapters.
The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Civil Engineering students preparing for
the Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by
various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E., U.P.S.C.,
G.A.T.E., I.E.S. and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It should also
prove of interest to the practising professionals.

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