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AIRPORT ENGINEERING

200.00 180.00

By RANGWALA

17th Edition 2018 (Paperback)
ISBN : 9789385039355
288 + 16 = 304 Pages
Size : 17 cm × 23.5 cm × 1.2 cm
Weight : 0.355 kg

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Description

This book aims at presenting the topics of Airport Engineering written in a simple manner. The
subject-matter is characterized by comprehensive as well as methodical and easy-to-follow
style, reflecting the latest FAA, ICAO, IATA and AAI recommendations and guidelines. Latest
technique of GPS air traffic control has been highlighted in detail. Modern concept of Free Flight
is also added.
The outline of the book is:
Chapter 1 : Introduction to the subject of Airport Engineering, Airport terminology, Open
skies policy and more.
Chapter 2 : Explains Airport Survey
Chapter 3 : Discuss Airport Planning
Chapter 4 : Elucidates Planning and Design of Terminal Area
Chapter 5 : Gives main aspects connected with the Runway Design.
Chapter 6 : Gives features associated with Taxiway Design
Chapter 7 : Newly added chapter on Aviation Fuel
Chapter 8 : Gives aspects and various methods of the Airport Pavement Design
Chapter 9 : Gives topics on Airport Grading and Drainage
Chapter 10 : Explains Visual Aids required for aircraft
Chapter 11 : Describes Air Traffic Control (ATC) systems
Chapter 12 : Discuss topics on Heliports and Stolports.
The text-matter has been arranged systematically into Twelve Chapters and various complicated topics are explained in lucid language assisted by:
114 Self-explanatory and neatly drawn sketches;
21 Illustrative problems;
35 Important useful tables;
254 Typical questions at the end of the chapters.
The book should prove to be extremely useful to the Civil Engineering students preparing for
the Degree Examinations of all the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by
various Boards of Technical Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E., U.P.S.C.,
G.A.T.E., I.E.S. and other similar competitive and professional examinations. It should also
prove of interest to the practising professionals.

Additional information

Weight 0.355 kg
Dimensions 17 × 1.2 × 23.5 cm
Author Name

Book Edition

ISBN

Content

1 : INTRODUCTION
2 : AIRPORT SURVEYS
3 : AIRPORT PLANNING
4 : PLANNING AND DESIGN OF TERMINAL AREA
5 : RUNWAY DESIGN
6 : TAXIWAY DESIGN
7 : AVIATION FUEL
8 : AIRPORT PAVEMENT DESIGN
9 : AIRPORT GRADING AND DRAINAGE
10 : VISUAL AIDS
11 : AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL
12 : HELIPORTS AND STOLPORTS
APPENDIX: AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL
INDEX

Content Details


Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION

1-1. General
(1) Collective demand
(2) Efficient and adequate supply
(3) Power of discrimination
1-2. Significance of transport
1-2-1. Economic significance of transport
(1) Agriculture (8) Price stabilization
(2) Competition (9) Production
(3) Consumption (10) Scale of production
(4) Distribution (11) Territorial division
(5) Exchange of labour
(6) Industrial development (12) Utility
(7) Land utilization
1-2-2. Political significance of transport
(1) National defence (2) National unity
1-2-3. Social significance of transport
(1) Concentration of population
(2) Elimination of cottage scale production
(3) Loss of distinguishing characteristics
(4) Mass destruction
(5) Restrictions on international transport
1-3. Modes of transport
(1) Land transport (3) Air transport
(2) Water transport
1-4. History of aviation
1-5. Air transportation in India
(1) Indian Airlines Corporation
(2) Air India International Corporation
1-6. International airport authority of India (IAAI)
1-7. Civil aviation department
1-8. Airport authority of india (AAI)
1-9. Open skIES policy
1-10. Airport terminology
(1) Aerodrome (35) Heliport
(2) Aeroplane (36) Holding apron
(3) Aircraft (37) Horizontal surface
(4) Airfield (38) Instrument Landing
(5) Airport System (ILS)
(6) Airport capacity (39) Instrument runway
(7) Airport established (40) International airport
elevation (41) International air
(8) Airships service
(9) Air traffic control (42) Landing area
(ATC) (43) Landing strip
(10) Approach area or (44) Mach number
approach zone (45) Missed approach
(11) Approach surface (46) Parachute
(12) Apron (47) Pressure altitude
(13) Balloon (48) Rudder
(14) Beaufort scale (49) Runway
(15) Blast pads (50) Runway end safety
(16) Boundary lights area (RESA)
(17) Boundary markers (51) Standard atmosphere
(18) Calm period (53) Stolport
(19) Cargo (54) Stopway
(20) Clearway (55) Surveillance radar
(21) Conical surface (56) Taxiway
(22) Control area (57) Terminal area
(23) Control tower (58) Terminal building
(24) Control zone (59) Threshold
(25) Ctol (60) Displaced threshold
(26) Design landing weight (DTHR)
(28) Elevator (61) Transition surface
(29) Flight time (62) Visual Flight Rules
(30) Flight visibility (VFR)
(31) Fuselage (63) Visibility
(32) Gate position (64) Wind rose
(33) Hangar (65) Zero fuel weight
(34) Helicopter (66) Zoning
1-11. Component parts of aeroplane
(1) Engine (5) Three controls
(2) Flaps (6) Tricycle undercarriage
(3) Fuselage (7) Wings
(4) Propeller
AIRPORT ENGINEERING
DETAILED CONTENTS

1-12. Aircraft characteristics
(1) Aircraft capacity (7) Minimum turning radius
(2) Aircraft speed (8) Noise
(3) Aircraft weight and (9) Range
wheel arrangement (10) Size of aircraft
(4) Fuel spilling (11) Take off and landing distances
(5) Jet blast (12) Type of propulsion
(6) Minimum circling (13) Tyre pressure and contact
radius area
1-13. Characteristics of the jet aircraf
(1) Channelization (5) Hot blasts
(2) Fuel spilling (6) Noise
(3) High-pressure tyres (7) Porpoising effect
and small contact areas (8) Pumping of the joints
(4) High velocities (9) Sucking effect
1-14. Civil and military aircrafts
1-15. Classification of aerodromes
1-16. Classification of airports
1-17. Flying activities
(1) Military operational flights
(2) Non-scheduled commercial flights
(3) Personal flights
(4) Scheduled commercial flights
Questions 1


Chapter 2 AIRPORT SURVEYS

2-1. General
2-2. Objects of surveys
2-3. Types of surveys
(1) Approach zone survey (5) Soil survey
(2) Drainage survey (6) Topographical survey
(3) Meteorological survey (7) Traffic survey
(4) Natural resources survey
2-4. Drawings to be prepared
(1) Drainage plan (5) Obstruction plan
(2) Grading plan (6) Paving plan
(3) Lighting plan (7) Topographic plan
(4) Master plan
Questions 2


Chapter 3 AIRPORT PLANNING

3-1. General
3-2. Improvement of existing airport
(1) Capacity of existing airport
(2) Improving the existing capacity
(3) Traffic forecast
(4) Planning a new airport
3-3. Airport site selection
(1) Atmospheric and meteorological conditions
(2) Availability of land for expansion
(3) Availability of utilities
(4) Development of the surrounding area
(5) Economy of construction
(6) Ground accessibility
(7) Presence of other airports
(8) Regional plan
(9) Soil characteristics
(10) Surrounding obstructions
(11) Topography (12) Use of airport
3-4. Airport capacity
3-5. Airport size
(1) Elevation of the airport site
(2) Meteorological conditions
(3) Performance characteristics of aircrafts
(4) Volume of traffic
3-6. Forecasting in aviation
3-7. Airport obstructions
(1) Imaginary surfaces
(2) Objects with actual heights
3-8. Clear zone
3-9. Turning zone
3-10. Zoning laws
(1) Height zoning (2) Land-use zoning
3-11. Regional planning
(1) Air traffic (3) Population
(2) Existing airports (4) Topographical features

3-12. Airport architecture
(1) Features of building (4) Plants
(2) International airport (5) Seating arrangements
(3) Materials of construction (6) Utilization of space
3-13. Typical airport layouts
3-14. Layout of military airports
3-15. Environmental considerations
(1) Environmental impact assessment (EIA)
(2) Environmental impact statement (EIS)
(3) Environmental management plan (EMP)
3-16. Factors influenced by airport activity
(1) Ecological factors
(2) Engineering and economic factors
(3) Pollution factors (4) Social factors
3-17. Measures to control adverse impacts
(1) Measures to control noise impact
(2) Measures to control soil and geology impact
(3) Measures to control hydrology and water impact:
(4) Measures to control air quality impact
Questions 3


Chapter 4 PLANNING AND DESIGN OF TERMINAL AREA

4-1. General
4-2. Terminal building
(1) Design objectives (4) Planning considerations
(2) Facilities to be provided (5) Site selection
(3) Noise control
(6) Space requirements
4-3. Passenger flow
(1) Arrival (4) Security screening
(2) Check-in (5) Departure
(3) Waiting (6) Deplaning
4-4. Parking of vehicles
(1) Short-term (3) Remote
(2) Long-term
4-5. Size of apron
(1) Gate position (3) Systems of aircraft parking
(2) Number of gates
4-6. Apron turntable
4-7. Hangars
(1) Nose hangars (2) T-hangars
4-8. Protection from jet blast
(1) Blast fences (2) Erosion control
Questions 4

Chapter 5 RUNWAY DESIGN

5-1. General
5-2. Runway orientation
(1) Preliminary information (3) Cross wind component
required (4) Wind coverage
(2) Head wind (5) Wind rose
5-3. Change in direction of runway
(1) Excessive grading (3) Obstructions
(2) Noise nuisance
5-4. Basic runway length
(1) Normal landing (3) Stopping in emergency
(2) Normal take off
5-5. Corrections to basic runway length
(1) Correction for elevation (3) Correction for temperature
(2) Correction for gradient
5-6. Geometric design of runways
(1) Length
(2) Longitudinal and effective gradient
(3) Rate of change of longitudinal gradient
(4) Runway End Safety Area (RESA)
(5) Sight distance
(6) Transverse gradient (7) Width
5-7. Balanced field concept
5-8. Runway patterns
(1) Single runway
(2) Parallel runways
(3) Intersecting runways
(4) Divergent or open V-runways
5-9. Comparison of runway patterns
5-10. Geometric design of runway intersection
Questions 5

Chapter 6 TAXIWAY DESIGN

6-1. General
6-2. Layout of taxiways
(1) Arrangement (4) Higher turn-off speeds
(2) Busy airports (5) Route
(3) Crossing
6-3. Geometric standards
for taxiway
(1) Length of taxiway (5) Transverse gradient
(2) Longitudinal gradient (6) Turning radius
(3) Rate of change of (7) Width of safety area
longitudinal gradient (8) Width of taxiway
(4) Sight distance
6-4. Exit taxiways
(1) Air traffic control (5) Pilot variability
(2) Exit speed (6) Topographical features
(3) Location of runways (7) Types of aircraft
(4) Number of exits (8) Weather conditions
6-5. Optimum location of exit taxiways
6-6. Design of exit taxiways
(1) Angle of turn (5) Occupancy time
(2) Compound curve (6) Shape of taxiway
(3) Exit speed (7) Stopping distance
(4) Lengths L1 and L2 (8) Turning radius
6-7. Loading aprons
6-8. Holding aprons
(1) Configuration (4) Holding bays
(2) Entry to the runway (5) Location
(3) Facility of bypass (6) Peak demands
6-9. Fillets
6-10. Separation clearance
6-11. Bypass or turnaround taxiway
Questions 6

Chapter 7 AVIATION FUEL

7-1. General
7-2. Types of aviation fuels
(1) Jet Fuel (2) Avgas
7-3. Characteristics of aviation fuel
(1) Heat value of fuel (3) Static electricity
(2) Volatility of fuel
7-4. Refuelling process
(1) Delivering fuel (3) Distributing and
(2) Storage of fuel refuelling process
7-5. DE-Fuelling process
7-6. Safety precautions during Fuelling/De-fuelling
Questions 7

Chapter 8 AIRPORT PAVEMENT DESIGN

8-1. General
8-2. Types of pavements
8-2-1. Flexible or asphalt or bituminous pavements
(1) General
(2) Layers of flexible pavements
8-2-2. Rigid or concrete pavements
(1) General
(2) Choice of the type of pavement
8-2-3. Semi-rigid or composite pavements
8-3. Difference between flexible and rigid pavements
8-4. Design factors or requirements
(1) Characteristics of construction materials
(2) Subgrade soil (3) Wheel load
8-5. Design of flexible pavements
8-5-1. California Bearing Ratio (C.B.R.) method
8-5-2. McLeod method
8-5-3. Burmister method
8-5-4. Analytical design method
8-5-5. Computer Aided Design Application
8-5-6. U.S. Army corps of engineers (COE) method
8-5-7. Federal aviation administration (FAA) method
8-5-8. The asphalt institute method
8-6. Design of rigid pavements
8-6-1. Method based on Westergaard’s analysis
8-6-2. Portland Cement Association (PCA) method
8-6-3. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) method
8-6-4. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE) method

8-7. Load classification number (LCN) method of pavement design
(1) LCN for flexible pavement
(2) LCN for rigid pavement
8-8. Design of overlay pavements
(1) Design of flexible overlay
(2) Design of rigid overlay
8-9. Causes of failure of pavements
(1) Failures in flexible pavements
(2) Failures in rigid pavements
8-10. Typical flexible pavement failures
(1) Alligator or map cracking
(2) Consolidation of pavement layers
(3) Formation of waves
(4) Frost heaving
(5) Lack of binding with the lower course
(6) Longitudinal cracking (7) Reflection cracking
8-11. Typical rigid pavement failures
(1) Mud pumping (4) Spalling of joints
(2) Scaling of cement concrete (5) Structural cracks
(3) Shrinkage cracks (6) Warping cracks
8-12. Maintenance and evaluation of airport pavements
8-13. Aircraft-pavement classification number system
8-14. Joints in cement concrete pavements
(1) Reasons for providing joints
(2) Requirements of a good joint
(3) Transverse joints
8-15. Joint fillers and sealers
8-16. Pumping
8-17. Pavements for light aircraft
(1) Flexible pavement (2) Rigid pavement
8-18. Airport pavement design softwares
(1) Ledfaa software (2) Faarfield software
8-19. Icao guideline for runway layout
8-20. Geosynthetic materials for airport pavements
(1) Secugrid (2) Carbofol (3) Secutex
Questions 8

Chapter 9 AIRPORT GRADING AND DRAINAGE

9-1. General
9-2. Importance of grading
9-3. General requirements of grading 207
(1) Cuts and fills (5) Grading plans
(2) Drainage (6) Ground near landing strips
(3) Equipment (7) Intersection
(4) Grade lines (8) Subgrade soils
9-4. Operations of grading
9-5. Earthwork computations
(1) Cross-sectional method
(2) Mass-haul curve method
9-6. Aims of airport drainage
9-7. Functions of airport drainage
9-8. Special characteristics of airport drainage
9-9. Basic requirements of airport drainage system
(1) Capacity (3) Rapid drainage
(2) Future expansion (4) Strength
9-10. Surface drainage
(1) Objectives of surface (3) Estimating runoff
drainage (4) Design procedure
(2) Time of concentration (5) Layout of surface drainage
9-11. Ponding
(1) Meaning of the term (4) Location
(2) Necessity (5) Design process
(3) Importance
9-12. Sub-surface drainage
(1) Functions of sub-surface drainage
(2) Changes in moisture content
(3) Base course and subgrade drainage
(4) Intercepting drainage
(5) Drainability of soils
(6) Methods of sub-surface drainage
9-13. Types of pipes
(1) Bell and spigot pipes (3) Porous concrete pipes
(2) Perforated pipes (4) Skip pipes
9-14. Filter materials
Questions 9

Chapter 10 VISUAL AIDS

10-1. General
10-2. Requirements of pilots for visual aids
(1) Daytime with clear weather
(2) Night and daytime with bad weather
10-3. Airport markings
(1) Apron marking (4) Shoulder marking
(2) Landing direction indicator (5) Taxiway marking
(3) Runway marking (6) Wind direction indicator
10-4. Guidance to pilots during landing
(1) Alignment guidance (3) Visual parameters
(2) Height information
10-5. Factors affecting airport lighting
10-6. Elements of airport lighting
(1) Airport beacon (7) Runway lighting
(2) Approach lighting (8) Taxiway lighting
(3) Apron and hangar lighting (9) Threshold lighting
(4) Boundary lighting (10) Visual approach slope
(5) Lighting of landing indicator (VASI)
direction indicator (11) Precision approach path
(6) Lighting of wind indicator (PAPI)
direction indicator
10-7. Other associated visual aids
10-8. Visibility
Questions 10

Chapter 11 AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL

11-1. General
11-2. Importance of air traffic control
11-3. Flight rules
(1) Meaning (3) Responsibility
(2) Principle (4) Type of control
11-4. Air traffic control network
(1) Control centres (3) Flight service stations
(2) Control towers
11-5. Air traffic control aids
(1) En route aids or airway aids
(2) Landing aids or terminal aids
11-6. Automation in air traffic control aids
11-7. Air Traffic Control by Global positioning system (GPS)
11-8. Free flight air traffic control
(1) General
(2) Free flight types
(3) Different approaches of free flight
Questions 11

CHAPTER 12: HELIPORTS AND STOLPORTS

12-1. General
12-2. Advantages of helicopters
(1) Bad weather (4) Saving in time
(2) Future prospects (5) Utility
(3) Military operation
12-3. Characteristics of helicopter
(1) Flight characteristics (2) Physical characteristics
12-4. Planning of heliports
(1) Selection of site (5) Obstruction clearance
(2) Size of landing area requirements
(3) Orientation of landing area (6) Marking of heliports
(4) Terminal area (7) Lighting of heliports
12-5. Elevated heliports
12-6. Heliports at airports
12-7. Characteristics of stol aircraft
12-8. Advantages of stol aircraft
(1) Intercity transportation (4) Runway length
(2) Noise (5) Use of airspace
(3) Operation
12-9. Planning of stolports
(1) Obstruction clearance (4) Taxiway width
requirements (5) Marking of stolports
(2) Runway length (6) Lighting of stolports
(3) Runway width
Questions 12

Appendix: AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL

INDEX1

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